Diabetes is a major health concern of current times. Hence it is of prime importance to identify it quickly before it does irreversible damage to you.
This article will help you to know its symptoms and will help in early detection of the disease.
Diabetes occurs when the amount of sugar in the blood is too high because the body can’t use it properly. If left untreated, it can cause major health complications.
It is of two main types of diabetes: Type 1 and Type 2.
They’re different conditions, caused by different things, but they have to be treated and managed properly.
If you are developing type 1 diabetes, the symptoms usually happen quickly, in a matter of days or a few weeks. They’re much more severe, too.
For type 2 diabetes, the warning signs are mild. Some people don’t find out they have it until they get problems from long-term damage caused by the disease.
These symptoms are from higher-than-normal levels of glucose, a kind of sugar, in your blood.
However both types of diabetes have some similar symptoms:
Symptom 1: Hunger and fatigue.
Your body converts the food you eat into glucose. And glucose is converted into energy by your cells. But your cells need insulin to bring the glucose in.
If your body doesn’t make enough or any insulin, or if your cells resist the insulin your body makes, the glucose can’t get into them and you have no energy. This can make you more hungry and tired than usual.
Symptom 2: Frequent urination and excessive thirst.
Normally an average person usually pees between four to seven times in a day, but people with diabetes may go a lot more.
This happens because; normally your body reabsorbs glucose as it passes through your kidneys. But when diabetes pushes your blood sugar up, your kidneys may not be able to bring it all back in. This causes the body to make more urine, and that takes fluids.
Because you’re peeing so much, you can get very thirsty.
Symptom 3: Blurred vision.
This occurs because; changing fluid levels in your body could make the lenses in your eyes swell up. They change shape and lose their ability to focus.
Symptom 4: Dry mouth and itchy skin.
Because your body is using fluids to make pee, there’s less moisture for other things. You could get dehydrated, and your mouth may feel dry. Dry skin can make you itchy.
Symptom5: Slow-healing sores or cuts.
Over time, high blood sugar can affect your blood flow and cause nerve damage that makes it hard for your body to heal wounds.
Some other symptoms include:
Tingle, Pain or numbness in your feet or legs.
Unplanned weight loss.
Genital itching or thrush.
When to Call Your Doctor?
If you’re older than 45 or experiencing these symptoms, it’s important to get tested. When you spot the condition early, you can avoid nerve damage, heart trouble, and other complications.